Ryedale District Council

Infectious diseases investigation

Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic micro-organisms, such as bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi; the diseases can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another. Zoonotic diseases are infectious diseases of animals that can cause disease when transmitted to humans.

Registered medical practitioners in England and Wales have a statutory duty to notify their local authority or local Health Protection Team of suspected cases of certain infectious diseases. All laboratories in England performing a primary diagnostic role must notify Public Health England (PHE) when they confirm a notifiable organism.

PHE collects these notifications and publishes analyses of local and national trends every week.

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